Beehive briquette

May 24, 2009

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pmhf{ sf] ljsNk – laxfO{e la|s]6

8f= s[i0f /fh >]i7

pmhf{ tyf jftfj/0f s]Gb|

cgfdgu/, sf7df8f}+

e”ldsf

g]kfn Ps e”kl/a]li7t /fi6« xf] . xfd|f] b]zdf sf]Onf, vlgh t]n, k]›f]lnod kbfy{ cflb k/+k/fut OGwgsf] ;|f]t gePsf] sf/0fn] ubf{ pmhf{sf] cfk”lt{sf] nflu bfp/fdf g} e/ kg'{ k5{ . b]zsf] clwsf+z If]qdf vfg]s’/f ksfpg tyf cf}wf]lus If]qsf] OGwg cfk”lt{sf] nflu bfp/fnfO{ g} k|of]udf NofO{Psf b]lvG5 . pmhf{sf] s”n cfk”lt{ dWo] h}ljs ;|tn] *%=@( k|ltzt cf]u6]sf] 5 . o; dWo] bfp/fsf] c+z &%=&* k|ltzt, uf]a/sf] c+z %=&$ k|ltzt / cGo s[lif hGo cjz]ifx?sf] c+z #=(% k|ltzt /x]sf] 5 . a9bf] hg;+Vo j[l4sf] sf/0faf6 lbg k|ltlbg bfp/fsf] dfu a9\b} uPsf] 5 / cfk”lt{sf] d’Vo ;|f]t jg h+un g} ePsf]n] aif]{lg jg ljgf; x’g] qmd klg a9\b} uPsf] 5 . o;jf6 b]zsf] k|fs[lts :j?kdf g} g/fd|f] c;/ kg{ hfg’, afl9, klx/f], cgfj[li6 x’g’sf ;fy} jftfj/0fdf  ;d]t g/fd|f] c;/ kg{ uO{/x]sf] 5 . o;sf] kmn:j?k u|fld0f hgtfx?n] lgDg sf]l6sf OGwgx?  h:t} kmfNt’ s[lif k}bfjf/, ;’s]sf] emf/kft, k/fn, 5jfln, wfgsf] e’;, u’O{7f OToflb k|of]u ub}{ cfPsf 5g . k/+k/fut ?kdf k|of]udf cfPsf r’nf]x?df ca}1flgs tl/sfaf6 oL lgDg sf]l6sf OGwgx? k|of]u ubf{ OGwgsf] a9L vktx’g] / w’jf+sf] sf/0fjf6 efG5f sf]7fdf clwsf+z ;do ljtfpg] dlxnf Pj+ s]6fs]6Lx?df :jf; k|:jf; Pj+ cf+vf ;DalGw /f]ux?n] b’Mv lbPsf] kfOG5 . a}1flgs tl/sf ckgfP/ oL lgDg sf]l6sf kmfNt’ s[lif Pj+ jg k}bfjf/nfO{ pRr bIftf o’Qm OGwgdf kl/0ft ug{ ;lsG5 .  oL h}las emf/ -Biomass_ nfO{ pRr sf]l6sf] bIf OGwgdf kl/0ft ug]{ tl/sfx? dWo] lj|s]l6Ë -Briquetting_ klg Ps xf] . ljxfO{e lj|s]6sf] k|of]u ubf{ efG5f sf]7f w’jf /lxt eO{ u|fld0f dlxnf Pj+ afnaflnsfx?nfO{ :jf; k|:jf; Pj+ cfvf ;DalGw /f]uaf6 d’lQm lbnfpg ;lsG5 . o;sf] lbuf] pkof]un] bfp/fsf] art eO{ jg h+un ljgf; /f]Sg / jftfj/0f ;+/If0fdf ;d]t dbt k’¥ofpb5 . pmhf{ tyf jftfj/0f s]Gb| -CEE_ n] :yflgo ufp 3/d} olxsf] ;|f]t / ;fwgnfO{ k|of]u u/L cfk\mgf] 7fp ;’xfpbf] w’jf /lxt, sd vlr{nf] OGwg lj|s]6sf] k|ljlw ljsf; u/L o; laxfO{e lj|s]l6Ë k|ljlw lj:tf/ sfo{qmdnfO{ cufl8 a9fPsf] 5 . o; k|ljlwsf] ljsf; u/] jfkt pmhf{ tyf jftfj/0f s]Gb|nfO{ @)%% ;fndf g]kfn /fhlso la1fg tyf k|ljlw k|1f k|lti7fg -RONAST_ n], df]xg Wjh a:g]t k|1f k’/:sf/ k|bfg u/]sf] lyof] .

laxfO{e la|s]6 s] xf]?

laxfO{e la|s]6 bfp/fsf] ;6fdf k|of]u ug]{ Ps a}slNks pmhf{ -OGwg_ xf] . o;df dfx’l/sf] rfsfdf h:t} Kjfnx? x’g] ePsf]n] o;nfO{ laxfO{e cyjf xlgsDa la|s]6 elgPsf] xf] . of] OGwg Biomass Char cyf{t emf/kft of s[lif hGo cjz];x? af6 agfOPsf] uf]n af6 agfOG5 . of] la|s]6 vfgf ksfpg / hf8f]df cfuf] tfKgsf] nflu k|of]u ul/G5 . of] Ps uf]nfsf/sf] 8Nnf xf] h:sf] prfO{ ( ;]lG6ld6/ / Aof; !# ;]lG6ld6/ x’G5 . o; la|s]6df !=# ;]lG6ld6/ sf] !( j6f Kjfnx? x’G5g h;n] ubf{ of] la|s]6 /fd|f] ;+u aN5 . k|To]s la|s]6 Ps 306f b]lv 8]9 306f ;Dd aNg] ePsf]n] $.% hgfsf] kl/jf/nfO{ Ps la|s]6n] Ps 5fs vfgf ksfpg ;lsG5 . o;df jf/Djf/ cfuf] km’Sg’ cyjf k+vf xlDsg’ gkg]{ ePsf]n] xf]6]n /]i6’/fx?df ;]s’jf jgfpg of] clt pkof]lu l;4 ePsf] 5 . of] la|s]6 bfp/f eGbf jfNg ;lhnf] 5 / uf]naf6 aGg] ePsf]n] w’jf klg cfpb}g . v]/hfg] emf/kft / s[lif hGo cjz];x?af6 agfpg] ePsf]n] of] la|s]6 bfp/f eGbf lgs} ;:tf] kg{ cfp5 .

laxfO{e la|s]6 / la|s]6 jgfpg] ;f‘rf]

laxfO{e la|s]6 k|ljlw

;’s]sf] emf/kft of s[lifhGo cjz]ifx?nfO{ uf]n jgfpg ;+oGq cyf{t Charring Drum df uf]n jgfO{G5 . of] ;+oGq @)) ln6/sf] t]n 8«daf6 agfpg ;lsG5 . kmf]6f]df b]vfP  h:t} o; 8«dsf] ljrdf $ OGr Jof;sf] lrDgL kfO{k x’G5 h;af6 w’jf aflx/ hfG5 . o; ;+oGqnfO{ h}ljs kbfy{sf] k|sf/ x]l/sg $) b]lv !)) lsnf] emf/kft afn]/ @% b]lv #% k|ltzt ;Dd uf]n lgsflnG5 . 8«dsf] dflyNnf] efudf aflx/ lt/ kfgLxfNg] Rofgn jgfOPsf] 5 h:df 9sgn] 5f]k]/ kfgL xflnG5 tfls 8«d leq xfjf l5g{ gkfcf]; 8«d leq emf/kft jfn]/ @.# 306f lr:ofP  kl5 uf]n lgsflnG5 . uf]nnfO{ lk;]/ w’nf] kfl/G5 / o;sf] tf}nsf] @) b]lv  @% k|ltzt lrD6fOnf] df6f];+u cfjZos dfqfdf kfgL xfn]/ d’l5O{G5 . df6f];+u d’5]sf] pQm ld>0fnfO{ la|s]6 jgfpg] kmnfdsf] ;frf]df xfn]/ , O{6f 5fKg] h:t} u/L 8Nnf] agfO{G5 / 3fddf ;’sfO{G5 . ;fwf/0ftof of] la|s]6 @ lbgdf ;’S5 / k|of]u ug{ of]Uo x’G5 .

uf]n agfpg] 8«d

cfly{s kIf

ljxfO{e la|s]6 pTkfbg Pp6f km:6fpbf] k|ljlw xf] h;nfO{ cfo cfh{gsf] ?kdf klg ckgfpg ;lsG5 . o;sf] nflu rflxg] d’Vo >f]t hgzlQm / sRrf kbfy{sf] ?kdf jg Pj+ s[lif hGo cjz]ifx? xf] . c? pwf]u wGbfx?sf] t’ngfdf o; la|s]6sf] k|lt PsfO{ nuflg Hofb} Go’gtd 5 . o;nfO{ kl/jfl/s ;b:osf] ;xof]u / Jojl:yt ;d’x åf/f klg ;’? ug{ ;lsG5 . ;fgf] :t/df ? #),))).- sf] nfutdf b’O{j6f rl/Ë 8«d / b’O{j6f ;frf] /fv]/ $ hgf >lds /fv]/ b}lgs #*) j6f la|s]6 pTkfbg ug{ ;lsG5 . k|lt la|s]6sf] d”No ? %.- df lalqm u/]klg >ldssf] Hofnf s6fu/L k|lt dlxgf ? !!,))).- s”n d’gfkmf ug{ ;lsG5 .

la|s]6 r’nf] / ;fydf laxfO{e la|s]6

pmhf{ tyf jftfj/0f s]Gb|n] g]kfnsf] ljleGg :yfgx? h:t} n’Snf, 8f]Nkf, afs], kfNkf, sfl:s, df]/Ë OToflb lhNnfdf ljlwjt tflnd ;+rfng u/L o; k|ljlwsf] k|a4{g Pj+ lj:tf/ u/]sf] 5 . a}slNks pmhf{ k|a4{g s]Gb|sf] cfly{s ;xof]udf pmhf{ tyf jftfj/0f s]Gb|n] cg’;Gwfg u/L laxfO{e la|s]6 afNg] Joj;flos r’nf]x? -Barbecue Stoves_ / la|s]6 jgfpg] Pedal Press sf] ;d]t ljsf; u/]sf] 5 . laxfO{e la|s]6 pTkfbg Ps ;/n k|b”if0f /lxt, jftfj/0f d}qL k|ljlw xf] . o;sf] nflu s’g} ljz]if of]Uotfsf] h?/L 5}g . ;fwf/0f sfdbf/nfO{ klg @.$ lbg tflnd lbP/ la|s]6 pTkfbg ug]{ ljlw ;lhn} l;sfpg ;lsG5 . laxfO{e la|s]6sf] k|of]u af/] w]/} kmfObf x’g] s’/f pkef]Qmfx? atfpb5g . o;n] bfp/fsf] vktdf sdLNofO{ k};f art ug'{sf] ;fy ;fy} jg h+un klg hf]ufpb5 . u|fld0f dlxnfx?sf] bfp/f vf]Hg] ;do / >dsf] art ub{5 . la|s]6 r’nf] w’jf /lxt x’g] x’gfn] :jf:Yodf k|lts”n c;/ kfb}{g . o;sf/0f g]kfn h:tf] ljsf;f]Gd’v d’n’sdf o:tf] k|ljlwsf] Jofks lj:tf/ / k|a4{g ug'{ h?/L 5 .

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